COVID-19 Vaccine: FAQs and Appointments
COVID Vaccine Appointments
Our COVID vaccine clinic is NOW at our 374 Grand Avenue location in New Haven.
This week, walk-up vaccinations are available Tuesday 5/25 & Thursday 5/27, 3-6pm.
As of June 1st, the schedule will be expanded. Check back here for more info.
Appointments are available all week 9am-4:30pm.
FHCHC is currently administering the Pfizer 2 Dose vaccine and the Johnson & Johnson 1 Dose vaccine.
Open to Connecticut residents who are 12 years of age or older. Children under 18 must be accompanied by an adult to their vaccination.
COVID-19 Vaccine- What You Need to Know
Getting vaccinated is one of many steps you can take to protect yourself and others from COVID-19. We understand that some people may be concerned about getting vaccinated now that COVID-19 vaccines are available in the U.S. In an effort to help address your questions and concerns, we have put together a list of FAQs to help better inform you about the vaccine. We will be updating this page as more information becomes available.
You can also check out a video of our Vice President of Clinical Affairs, Dr. Everett Lamm, answering questions about the COVID-19 vaccine. Watch it here.
Or, take a watch of this very informative film about the COVID vaccine that covers everything from its fast development to how it works. Watch it here.
What is in the COVID vaccine and how does it work?
Vaccines work with your immune system so your body will be ready to fight the virus if you are exposed. There are currently three vaccines that are available in the U.S.: Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson. Both Pfizer and Moderna are mRNA vaccines. mRNA vaccines provide instructions to make a protein that the body recognizes as COVID-19 without actually introducing COVID-19 into the body. The body then produces antibodies to that specific protein.
Johnson & Johnson is a vector vaccine. It uses a harmless adenovirus to deliver a gene that carries the blueprint for the spiky protein found on the surface of the coronavirus. The virus enters cells, which then follow the genetic instructions to construct a replica of the coronavirus spike. Your immune system will use these replicas to recognize and respond to the actual coronavirus.
You cannot get COVID-19 from the any of these vaccines. The Moderna vaccine requires 2 doses given 4 weeks apart; the Pfizer vaccine requires 2 doses given 3 weeks apart. Johnson & Johnson is a single dose vaccine.
Please remember that although the disease COVID-19 can be deadly, the vaccines, which contain no live viruses, are NOT. Vaccines are designed to protect us from life-threatening illness.
What should I expect after getting the COVID-19 vaccine?
Please check out the CDC’s website here for more information about the COVID-19 vaccine and what you should expect after receiving it.
Is the vaccine effective? How long will it protect those who get the vaccine?
In clinical trials involving 75,000+ people, the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines were nearly 95% effective in people who received two doses. This means the chances of contracting COVID-19 after receiving two doses of the vaccine is decreased by 95%.
Clinical trial data showed that Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine was found to be 66% effective at preventing moderate to severe disease; in the U.S. alone, it was found to be 72% effective. The vaccine also was 85% effective overall against severe disease, preventing deaths completely and hospitalizations after a period of at least 28 days.
Is the vaccine safe?
No severe effects have been reported in any individuals who received the vaccine.
What are possible side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine?
The most common side effects include pain and redness at the injection site, fatigue (tiredness), headache, muscle pain, chills, joint pain and low grade fever. These side effects are the same symptoms experienced by many after getting a flu or tetanus vaccine. Experiencing some minor symptoms after receiving a vaccine can be reassuring that your body is responding appropriately to it and preparing to protect you from the illness itself.
Can the vaccine give someone COVID-19?
No. The vaccine contains no live or weakened virus coronavirus, and therefore someone cannot contract COVID-19 from the vaccine.
If you have already had COVID-19, should you get the vaccine?
Yes. It is not yet known how effective natural immunity is from having COVID-19 disease, or how long immunity lasts. Receiving the vaccine cannot hurt. The vaccine can only help boost immunity against COVID-19.
If I am experiencing prolonged symptoms from COVID-19, should I get the vaccine?
Receiving the vaccine will likely not harm you and could potentially be helpful. However, depending on your health situation, you may need to more carefully weigh the risks of vaccine side effects. Please consult with your health care provider about your individual safety and health concerns.
Who can get the vaccine?
The goal is for everyone to be able to easily get vaccinated against COVID-19 as soon as quantities are available. You can check out Connecticut’s guidelines for who is eligible for the vaccine here.
Should women who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant in the coming months, or breastfeeding receive the vaccine?
Pregnant and breastfeeding women were not specifically included in the clinical trials for the Pfizer or Moderna mRNA vaccines. Pregnant and breastfeeding women may be at increased risk of severe COVID-19 infection, so your health care provider may recommend that you receive the vaccine.
Can people who are immunocompromised receive the vaccine?
While these vaccines have not been specifically studied in individuals who are immunocompromised/immunosuppressed and it is not known exactly how efficacious they will be (if immunocompromised individuals mount the same response as others receiving the vaccine), immunocompromised individuals are at higher risk for complications from COVID19 illness. There are no recommendations that patients who are immunocompromised should not get vaccinated.
- The clinical trials contained individuals with immunocompromising conditions.
- The vaccine does not contain live or weakened virus, and therefore, it cannot cause a COVID19 infection in someone with a weakened immune system.
- It is important that immunocompromised individuals practice other strategies to reduce transmission (hand washing, mask use, social distancing) even after vaccination.
Who should not get the vaccine?
Only individuals who have had an anaphylactic reaction after receiving the first dose of a COVID vaccine. Some individuals with anaphylaxis to certain injectable medications and ingredients like polyethylene glycol may want to consult their health care provider about where and when to receive their vaccination.
Can we stop wearing masks once we have been vaccinated?
No. Not everyone will be vaccinated and we must wear masks to protect vulnerable individuals at this time. While the vaccine is thought to protect individuals from getting COVID-19, we do not know if vaccine prevents disease transmission from person to person. While the person receiving the vaccine may be protected from getting COVID-19 after receiving two doses of the vaccine, we do not know if someone who received the vaccine can harbor (possess) the virus and still pass it along (infecting) to others. Mask wearing, hand-washing and physical spacing guidelines have not changed.
Can people with allergies get the vaccine?
Yes, the vaccine has been shown to be safe for people with environmental, food, insect and even latex allergies, as well as those allergic to any medications given by mouth. As an additional precaution everyone who receives the vaccine, regardless of allergy history, is monitored for symptoms for 15 minutes post-vaccination.
Special considerations are made for anyone with a history of vaccine allergy OR allergy to any medications that were injected into the body. Please consult your health care provider if you have any concerns.
What if I am sick with COVID-19 or another acute respiratory illness during the time period offered?
You should wait until you are completely better before receiving the vaccine.
How long after having COVID-19 illness should an individual wait before receiving the vaccine?
The CDC suggests that all symptoms should be resolved and the individual should be feeling their typical “well”; this is what FHCHC suggests. Others may be suggesting “at least 30 days,” which is not consistent with the Centers for Disease Control’s stated advice.
What if I am in quarantine when I am offered the vaccination?
To protect others, you must wait until after your quarantine period ends to get vaccinated.